M.Sc. Simon Rapp

M.Sc. Simon Rapp

M.Sc. Simon Rapp

Field of Research

  • Theory of PGE - Product Generation Engineering
  • Methods for using reference-product related knowledge in development processes
  • Knowledge transfer in the PGE



  • DFG project "Faktoren der Beeinflussung der Wissensübertragung im Prozess der Produktentwicklung"

Bachelor- / Mastertheses

Available bachelor- and master-theses can be found here.


Generic reference product model for specifying complex products by the example of the automotive industry.
Albers, A.; Hirschter, T.; Fahl, J.; Woehrle, G.; Reinemann, J.; Rapp, S.
2020. Digital Proceedings of TMCE 2020, 353–370, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
Development of strategic guidelines for agile Parts Maturity Management of engine subsystems in the automotive industry during series ramp-up.
Rapp, S.; Heimicke, J.; Weber, J.; Albers, A.
2020. Proceedings of NordDesign 2020, Lyngby, Denmark, 12th - 14th August 2020, The Design Society. doi:10.35199/NORDDESIGN2020.52
Developing a common understanding of business models from the product development perspective.
Albers, A.; Basedow, G. N.; Heimicke, J.; Marthaler, F.; Spadinger, M.; Rapp, S.
2020. 30th CIRP Design Conference, CIRP Design 2020, Pretoria, South Africa, 5 - 8 May 2020, 875–882, Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2020.03.122
Proposing a Generalized Description of Variations in Different Types of Systems by the Model of PGE – Product Generation Engineering.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Fahl, J.; Hirschter, T.; Revfi, S.; Schulz, M.; Stürmlinger, T.; Spadinger, M.
2020. Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference, 1, 2235–2244. doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.315
Benchmarking Of Risk Management Methods With Regard to Variations As A Source Of Risk.
Rapp, S.; Altner, M.; Albers, A.
2020. Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference, 1, 677–686. doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.292
Creating innovative products with reference system elements - a case study on approaches in practice.
Richter, T.; Rapp, S.; Kurtz, V.; Romanov, V.; Albers, A.
2019. Procedia CIRP, 84, 804–809. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2019.04.259
Sprintplanung in der Mechatroniksystementwicklung auf Basis von Referenzsystemelementen.
Wessels, H.; Heimicke, J.; Rapp, S.; Grauberger, P.; Richter, T.; Matthiesen, S.; Albert, A.
2019. 17. Gemeinsames Kolloquium Konstruktionstechnik, KT2019, Aachen, Germany, 200–211. doi:10.18154/RWTH-2019-08788
The Reference System in the Model of PGE: Proposing a Generalized Description of Reference Products and their Interrelations.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Spadinger, M.; Richter, T.; Birk, C.; Marthaler, F.; Heimicke, J.; Kurtz, V.; Wessels, H.
2019. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19), Delft, The Netherlands, 5-8 August 2019, 1693–1702, Delft. doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.175
Accelerating Knowledge: The Speed Optimization of Knowledge Transfers.
Grum, M.; Rapp, S.; Gronau, N.; Albers, A.
2019. Business Modeling and Software Design: 9th International Symposium, BMSD 2019, Lisbon, Portugal, July 1-3, 2019 - Proceedings. Ed.: B. Shishkov, 95–113, Springer, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-24854-3_7
Variations as Activity Patterns: A Basis for Project Planning in PGE – Product Generation Engineering.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Peglow, N.; Stürmlinger, T.; Heimicke, J.; Wattenberg, F.; Wessels, H.
2019. 29th CIRP Design Conference: open design and design as exponential technology, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, 8th to 10th May 2019
Das Referenzsystem im Modell der PGE – Produktgenerationsentwicklung: Vorschlag einer generalisierten Beschreibung von Referenzprodukten und ihrer Wechselbeziehungen.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Spadinger, M.; Richter, T.; Birk, C.; Marthaler, M.; Heimicke, J.; Kurtz, V.; Wessels, H.
2019. KIT, Karlsruhe. doi:10.5445/IR/1000093227
Customer-oriented product development: supporting the development of the complete vehicle through the systematic use of engineering generations.
Albers, A.; Haug, F.; Fahl, J.; Hirschter, T.; Reinemann, J.; Rapp, S.
2018. 4th IEEE International Symposium on Systems Engineering (ISSE 2018), Rome, I, October 1-3, 2018, Article no: 8544391, IEEE. Piscataway, NJ. doi:10.1109/SysEng.2018.8544391
Identifying expedient variations in PGE - Product generation engineering.
Rapp, S.; Moeser, G.; Eichhorn, P.; Albers, A.
2018. Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, The Design Society
PGE – Product generation engineering in engineering education: Real-world problems for beginners in student projects.
Albers, A.; Matthiesen, S.; Rapp, S.; Hoelz, K.; Bursac, N.
2018. 20th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education (E&PDE 2018), London, UK, September 6-7, 2018
IP-Integrated Product Development Project’s Decision-Making Leads to Heuristic Behaviour.
Tanaiutchawoot, N.; Rapp, S.; Bursac, N.; Albers, A.
2018. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation, ICE/ITMC 2018; Stuttgart; Germany; 17 June 2018 through 20 June 2018, Art. Nr.: 8436278, IEEE, Piscataway (NJ). doi:10.1109/ICE.2018.8436278
Influencing factors and methods for knowledge transfer situations in Product Generation Engineering based on the SECI model.
Albers, A.; Gronau, N.; Rapp, S.; Grum, M.; Zaiser, A.; Bursac, N.; Weber, E.
2018. NordDesign, Linköping, Sweden, August 14 - 17, 2018
Identifying Expedient Variations in PGE – Product Generation Engineering.
Rapp, S.; Moeser, G.; Eichhorn, P.; Albers, A.
2018. 13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018; Linkoping; Sweden; 14 August 2018 through 17 August 2018, The Design Society, Glasgow
Reference Products in PGE – Product Generation Engineering: Analyzing Challenges Based on the System Hierarchy.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Heitger, N.; Wattenberg, F.; Bursac, N.
2018. Procedia CIRP, 70, 469–474. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2018.02.046
How to foster innovation? Findings and hypotheses for collaborations between research and industry.
Sahin, T.; Cudok, A.; Rapp, S.; Inkermann, D.; Albers, A.; Wattenberg, F.; Bursac, N.; Vietor, T.
2018. DS 92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018, 15th International Design Conference 2018, Dubrovnik, Croatia, May, 21-24 2018, 1945–1956. doi:10.21278/idc.2018.0484
Entscheidungsheuristiken in der PGE – Produktgenerationsentwicklung.
Krause, D.; Paetzold, K.; Bursac, N.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.; Breitschuh, J.; Tanaiutchawoot, N.
2017. Design for X : Beiträge zum 28. DfX-Symposium, Oktober 2017, Bamberg, 2017.10.04-05. Hrsg.: D. Krause, 275–286, Tutech Verlag, Hamburg
Die Frühe Phase der PGE - Produktgenerationsentwicklung.
Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Birk, C.; Bursac, N.
2017. 4. Stuttgarter Symposium für Produktentwicklung 2017 (SSP) : Produktentwicklung im disruptiven Umfeld, Stuttgart, Deutschland, 28-29 Juni 2017, Fraunhofer, Stuttgart
PGE – Produktgenerationsentwicklung am Beispiel des Zweimassenschwungrads.
Albers, A.; Bursac, N.; Rapp, S.
2017. Forschung im Ingenieurwesen, 81 (1), 13–31. doi:10.1007/s10010-016-0210-0
Produktgenerationsentwicklung Praxisbedarf und Fallbeispiel in der automobilen Produktentwicklung.
Albers, A.; Haug, F.; Heitger, N.; Arslan, M.; Rapp, S.; Bursac, N.
2016. 12. Symposium für Vorausschau und Technologieplanung (SVT), Berlin, 8. - 9. Dezember 2016, Heinz-Nixdorf-Institut, Paderborn
Method Support in Product Generation Engineering.
Albers, A.; Bursac, N.; Rapp, S.
2016. MMEP workshop - Application and adaptation of design methods in industry, Karlsruhe, Germany, 21 - 22 September 2016, KIT, Karlsruhe
PGE - Product generation engineering : Case study of the dual mass flywheel.
Albers, A.; Bursac, N.; Rapp, S.
2016. DS 84: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2016 14th International Design Conference : Engineering Design Practice, Cavtat-Dubrovnik, Croatia, 16th - 19th May 2016. Ed.: D. Marjanović, 791–800, The Design Society, Glasgow
The application of creativity methods in virtual teams in product development.
Walter, B.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.
2016. 14th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2016, Cavtat, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 16 - 19 May, 2016, 749–758, The Design Society, Glasgow
Selecting appropriate tools for synchronous communication and collaboration in locally distributed product development.
Walter, B.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.
2016. 12th Biennial Norddesign 2016 Conference "Highlighting the Nordic Approach", NordDesign 2016; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)Trondheim; Norway; 10 August 2016 through 12 August 2016. Volume 2. Ed. : M. Steinert, 258–267, The Design Society, Bristol