Entwicklungsmethodik und -management

Design Methods and Design Management

Academic Staff

Fields of competence

The goal of our research group is the development and adaptation of methods and processes of systems engineering for industrial product development and university teaching in mechanical engineering. The focal point of our research are current challenges of agile PGE-Product generation engineering. With our expertise we provide incentives and specific concepts to develop innovative product ideas efficiently and qualitatively.

  • ASD - Agile Systems Design: Plan structured – act agile: Targeted and cost-efficient innovations with the necessary flexibilit.
  • PGE - Product Generation Engineering: Develop where, there is potential. We support you in aligning your development activities for a new product generation.
  • Knowledge management: We enable your development by a pro-active integration of knowledge management methods.
  • Development in distributed teams: Product engineering in times of globalisation: We digitize collaboration and enable worldwide cooperation across development sites.
  • Innovation management & product strategy: Looking ahead is vital, to be successful tomorrow! The use of appropriate and need-based methods of strategic identification of potential is therefore imperative in order to make decisions at an early stage.
  • Technical problem solving: The Problem solving methodology SPALTEN is a universal methodology to systematically solve problems.
  • Development methods: We support your approach to methodical work.
  • Validation: Validating products in mixed-reality-environments enables the safeguarding of the maturity level already in early development phases and thus helps to reduce late changes.


Range of services

  • Live-Labs: Open-Innovation make the most of your potentials! – From analysis to Innovation, together with student teams!
  • Workshops: Present us with problems  – we provide you with many innovative solutions!
  • Training: Appropriate knowledge transfer: Learn and apply methodical competence in interactive training!
  • Transfer projects: Profit from state-of-the-art research in joint projects!


Degree Theses

Current degree theses of the research group can be found here.

Finished projects







before 2017


Selected publications

Albers, A., Heimicke, J., Spadinger, M., Reiss, N., Breitschuh, J., Richter, T., Bursac, N. and Marthaler, F. : „A systematic approach to situation-adequate mechatronic system development by ASD - Agile Systems Design“. In Procedia CIRP. 2019

Albers, A., Heimicke, J., Müller, J. and Spadinger, M.: „Agility and its Features in Mechatronic System Development: A Systematic Literature Review“. In Proceedings of 30th ISPIM Innovation Conference. 2019

Albers, A., Rapp, S., Peglow, N., Stürmlinger, T., Heimicke, J., Wattenberg, F., Wessels, H.: „Variations as Activity Patterns: A Basis for Project Planning in PGE – Product Generation Engineering“. In CIRP Design Conference 2019. 2019

Albers, A., Rapp, S., Spadinger, M., Richter, T., Birk, C., Marthaler, F., Heimicke, J., Kurtz, V., Wessels, H.: „THE REFERENCE SYSTEM IN THE MODEL OF PGE: PROPOSING A GENERALIZED DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE PRODUCTS AND THEIR INTERRELATIONS“. In International Conference on Engineering Design 2019. 2019

Marthaler, F., Orsolani Uhlig, E., Siebe, A., Bursca, N., Albers, A.: „Strategische Potentialfindung zur generationsübergreifenden Produktentwicklung mit langfristigem Zeithorizont: Eine qualitative Studie im Live-Lab IP – Integrierte Produktentwicklung“. Karlsruhe, Germany, 2019

Albers, A., Heimicke, J., Walter, B., Basedow, G.N., Reiß, N., Heitger, N., Ott, S. and Bursac, N.: „Product Profiles. Modelling customer benefits as a foundation to bring inventions to innovations“. In Procedia CIRP, Vol. 70 No. 1, pp. 253–258. 2018

Albers, A., Rapp, S., Birk, C., Bursac, N.: „Die Frühe Phase der PGE–Produktgenerationsentwicklung“. In Stuttgarter Symposium für Produktentwicklung. Stuttgart, Germany, 2017

Albers, A., Reiß, N., Bursac, N. and Richter, T.: „iPeM – Integrated Product Engineering Model in Context of Product Generation Engineering“. In Procedia CIRP, Vol. 50, pp. 100–105. 2016

Albers, A., Reiß, N., Bursac, N. and Breitschuh, J.: „15 Years of SPALTEN Problem Solving Methodology in Product Development“. In Proceedings of NordDesign 2016. Trondheim, Norway, 2016

Albers, A., Bursac, N., & Wintergerst, E: „Produktgenerationsentwicklung – Bedeutung und Herausforderungen aus einer entwicklungsmethodischen Perspektive“. In Stuttgarter Symposium für Produktentwicklung 2015. Stuttgart, Germany, 2015

An overview of all IPEK publications can be found here.


Final Report Sino-German Industry 4.0 Factory Automation Platform
Albers, A.; Ovtcharova, J.; Becker, J.; Lanza, G.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, T.; Qiao, F.; Ma, Y.; Wang, J.; Wu, Z.; Ehrmann, C.; Gönnheimer, P.; Behrendt, M.; Mandel, C.; Stürmlinger, T.; Klippert, M.; Kimmig, A.; Schade, F.; Yang, S.; Heider, I.; Xie, S.; Song, K.; Peng, J.; Goncalves, P.; Kampfmann, R.; Schlechtendahl, J.; Kattner, J.; Straub, C.; May, M.; Zhu, Z.; Bai, O.; Lin, Y.; Yang, Z.; Ding, L.; Rossol, A.-S.
2022. (J. Fleischer, Ed.), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT). doi:10.5445/IR/1000143693
Interaction of Agility and Flexible Production Systems in Innovation [in press]
Schöck, M.; Voß, D.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.
2022. XXXIII ISPIM Innovation Conference "Innovating in a Digital World", Copenhagen, Denmark on 05 June to 08 June 2022, Lappeenranta University Press
Automotive UX design and data-driven development: Narrowing the gap to support practitioners
Ebel, P.; Orlovska, J.; Hünemeyer, S.; Wickman, C.; Vogelsang, A.; Söderberg, R.
2021. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 11, Art.-Nr.: 100455. doi:10.1016/j.trip.2021.100455
Wertstromkinematik – Produktionssysteme neu gedacht: Interdisziplinäres Forscherteam arbeitet an der Produktionstechnik der Zukunft (Teil 2)
Kimmig, A.; Schöck, M.; Mühlbeier, E.; Oexle, F.; Fleischer, J.; Bönsch, J.; Ovtcharova, J.; Hahn, J.; Grunwald, A.; Albers, A.; Rapp, S.; Hagenmeyer, V.; Scholz, S. G.; Schmidt, A.; Müller, T.; Becker, J.; Schade, F.; Beyerer, J.; Rehak, J.; Zwick, T.; Pauli, M.; Nuß, B.; Lanza, G.; Schild, L.; Overbeck, L.
2021. Zeitschrift für wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb, 116 (12), 935–939. doi:10.1515/zwf-2021-0207
The positive impact of agile retrospectives on the collaboration of distributed development teams – A practical approach on the example of Bosch engineering GmbH
Duehr, K.; Efremov, P.; Heimicke, J.; Teitz, E. M.; Ort, F.; Weissenberger-Eibl, M.; Albers, A.
2021. Proceedings of the Design Society, 3071–3080, Cambridge University Press (CUP). doi:10.1017/pds.2021.568
Selection of reference system elements in the model of PGE - Product generation engineering: Method for the integration of customer and user satisfaction in product planning
Albers, A.; Zimmermann, V.; Marthaler, F.; Bursac, N.; Duehr, K.; Spadinger, M.
2021. 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2021, Gothenburg, 16 August 2021 through 20 August 2021, 2611–2620, Cambridge University Press (CUP). doi:10.1017/pds.2021.522
Examining the quality of knowledge transfers – the draft of an empirical research
Grum, M.; Klippert, M.; Albers, A.; Gronau, N.; Thim, C.
2021. Proceedings of the Design Society, 1431–1440, Cambridge University Press (CUP). doi:10.1017/pds.2021.404
Virtual-Reality-Umgebung für die Visualisierung von Entwicklungszielgrößen auf Basis des Referenzsystems im Modell der PGE – Produktgenerationsentwicklung
Pfaff, F.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.
2021. EEE 2021 - Entwerfen Entwickeln Erleben in Produktentwicklung und Design 2021. Hrsg.: R. Stelzer, 175–187, TUDpress. doi:10.25368/2021.20
Characterizing Product Development Processes in Start-ups – an Empirical Study
Pfaff, F.; Kubisch, J.; Rapp, S.; Albers, A.
2021. Proceedings of the XXXII ISPIM Innovation Conference, Berlin, Germany, 20-23 June 2021 (Online). "Innovating our Common Future"
A Validation Environment for a method to enable distributed agile product development teams [in press]
Duehr, K.; Hofelich, M.; Beck, L.; Albers, A.
2021. R&D Management Conference 2021 “Innovation in an Era of Disruption”, Glasgow, Scotland, July, 6th - 8th, 2021
EDiT – Requirements of Enabling Distributed Collaboration in Product Development Teams
Duehr, K.; Schiele, A.; Mueller, H.; Kopp, D.; Hofelich, M.; Albers, A.
2021. The ISPIM Innovation Conference – Innovating Our Common Future, Berlin, Germany on 20-23 June 2021
Knowledge types to support product developers in different product engineering activities - a Systematic Literature Review
Kempf, C.; Klippert, M.; Sadic, E.; Albers, A.
2021. R&D Management Conference 2021 “Innovation in an Era of Disruption”, Glasgow, Scotland, July, 6th - 8th, 2021
Dealing with Market Uncertainty in Product Development – A Systematic Literature Review
Zimmermann, V.; Kempf, C.; Lutz, S.; Bursac, N.; Albers, A.
2021. R&D Management Conference 2021 “Innovation in an Era of Disruption” July, 6th - 8th, 2021, Glasgow, Scotland
Umgang mit Marktunsicherheiten in der Zielsystementwicklung: Methode zur Reduktion von Definitionslücken bei der Konkretisierung des Initialen Zielsystems
Zimmermann, V.; Kempf, C.; Hartmann, L.; Bursac, N.; Albers, A.
2021. EEE 2021 - Entwerfen Entwickeln Erleben in Produktentwicklung und Design 2021. Hrsg.: R. Stelzer, TUDpress
A framework for generating agile methods for product development
Heimicke, J.; Dühr, K.; Krüger, M.; Ng, G.-L.; Albers, A.
2021. Procedia CIRP, 100, 786–791. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2021.05.043
Wilmsen, M.; Gericke, K.; Jäckle, M.; Albers, A.
2020. Proceedings of the Design Society, 1, 1175–1184. doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.301
Charakterisierung der Entwicklungsaufgabe zur methodischen Potentialfindung in der standortverteilten Produktentwicklung
Duehr, K.; Nix, B.; Albers, A.
2020. Nachhaltige Produktentwicklung : KT 2020 : 18. Gemeinsames Kolloquium Konstruktionstechnik : am 1. und 2. Oktober 2020 in Duisburg : Tagungsband. Hrsg.: B. Corves, 221–232. doi:10.17185/duepublico/73094
Literature-based identification of success-relevant influencing factors of distributed product development
Albers, A.; Weissenberger-Eibl, M. A.; Duehr, K.; Zech, K.; Seus, F.
2020. Procedia CIRP, 91, 415–420. doi:10.1016/j.procir.2019.11.007
Defining, Formulating and Modeling Product Functions in the Early Phase in the Model of PGE - Product Generation Engineering
Albers, A.; Fahl, J.; Hirschter, T.; Haag, S.; Hünemeyer, S.; Staiger, T.
2020. 6th IEEE International Symposium on Systems Engineering (ISSE) 2020, October 12 - November 12 (virtual conference), 2020, Vienna, Austria
Intelligente Modularisierung für den skalierbaren Betonbau durch Adaption der Methoden zur Baukastenentwicklung
Albers, A.; Kempf, C.; Renz, R.; Spadinger, M.; Stempniewski, L.; Manny, A.
2020. Betonwerk international, (3), 27
Smart education concept for product development teams in agile innovation projects
Niever, M.; Brandstetter, C.; Hahn, C.; Duehr, K.; Albers, A.
2020. Digital Proceedings of TMCE 2020 : 11-15 May, 2020, Dublin, Ireland / edited by I. Horváth and G. Keenaghan, 431–444, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
Benchmarking Of Risk Management Methods With Regard to Variations As A Source Of Risk
Rapp, S.; Altner, M.; Albers, A.
2020. Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference, 1, 677–686. doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.292
Comparison of Existing Agile Approaches in the Context of Mechatronic System Development: Potentials and Limits in Implementation
Heimicke, J.; Niever, M.; Zimmermann, V.; Klippert, M.; Marthaler, F.; Albers, A.
2019. Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, 1 (1), 2199–2208. doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.226
The Product Developer in the Centre of Product Development: A Systematic Literature Review on Describing Factors
Albers, A.; Heimicke, J.; Spadinger, M.; Degner, N.; Duehr, K.
2019. Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, 1 (1), 1843–1852. doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.190
Vergleich von Produktinnovationsarten – Worin die Unterschiede wirklich begründet liegen
Heimicke, J.; Zimmermann, V.; Klippert, M.; Spadinger, M.; Albers, A.
2019. Proceedings of Entwerfen - Entwickeln - Erleben. Produktentwicklung und Design 2019, Dresden, 27.-28. Juni 2019. Hrsg.: R.H. Stelzer, 165–180, TUDpress
Einflussfaktoren in der standortverteilten Produktgenerationsentwicklung – Eine literaturbasierte Momentaufnahme
Duehr, K.; Kopp, D.; Walter, B.; Spadinger, M.; Albers, A.
2019. Proceedings of Entwerfen - Entwickeln - Erleben. Produktentwicklung und Design 2019, Dresden, 27.-28. Juni 2019. Hrsg.: R.H. Stelzer, 309–326, TUDpress
An Investigation of Use Cases for Customer-Integrated Product Validation
Reinemann, J.; Hirschter, T.; Fahl, J.; Hünemeyer, S.; Albers, A.
2019. R&D Management Conference 2019, Paris, F, June 17-21, 2019, 10
Identification of Indicators for the Selection of Agile, Sequential and Hybrid Approaches in Product Development
Albers, A.; Hirschter, T.; Fahl, J.; Reinemann, J.; Spadinger, M.; Hünemeyer, S.; Heimicke, J.
2019. 29th CIRP Design Conference - Open Design and Design as exponential technology, Póvoa de Varzim, P, May 8-10, 2019
KaLeP: A Holistic Case-based Action learning Environment to Educate Successful Future Engineers
Niever, M.; Richter, T.; Duehr, K.; Wilmsen, M.; Lanz, L.; Walter, B.; Alber, A.; Hahn, C.
2018. Atiner’s Conference Paper Series, ENGEDU 201 8–2 542
A project monitoring methodology for distributed product generation engineering
Walter, B.; Duehr, K.; Bursac, N.; Albers, A.
2018. Proceedings of the TMCE 2018, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, E, May 7-11, 2018
Kreativitätsmethoden im digitalen Umfeld - Aktive Förderung von Innovationsimpulsen in standortverteilten Entwicklungsteams
Walter, B.; Klippert, M.; Kunz, M.; Albers, A.; Reiß, N.
2017. 15. Gemeinsames Kolloquium Konstruktionstechnik: Interdisziplinäre Produktentwicklung, Duisburg, 05.10. – 06.10.2017. Hrsg.: K. Brökel, 267–276, Universitätsbiblithek. doi:10.17185/duepublico/44616